Galapagos penguins are the rarest and most endangered penguin species in the world, and the only penguins found at the equator. Unlike most cold-water penguins, they have several adaptations that allow them to tolerate the warmer climate of Galapagos.
Penguins are threatened by pollution, bycatch and climate change. Introduced species, such as dogs, carry diseases that can spread to penguins as well, and cats pose a threat as predators. Past strong El Niño events have caused mortalities of up to 77 percent, with dramatic declines of prey species and reduced breeding success. There are currently fewer than 2,000 Galapagos penguins in the world.
You can help save the species of the Galapagos Islands by donating to the Galapagos Conservation Trust: